Biomass and Biogas Renewable Power Generation Potential of Belarus


/29th July 2019, by Renewable Market Watch™/


The Republic of Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by the Russian Federation (Russia) to the north and east, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Belarus covers an area of 207 595 square kilometers (km2) (40% of which is forested) and has 9.5 million inhabitants. Minsk, the largest city, is the national capital and home to 20.6% of the population; 77.6% of the population is urban and 22.6% is rural.

Belarus’s potential for producing bioenergy from wood residues is significant, as forests cover about 40% of the country’s territory (9.5 million ha), 50% of which is mature solid biomass (wood), according to the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Renewable Power Market Outlook 2019 – 2028. Solid biomass resources from waste wood suitable for producing bioenergy include firewood, timber, wood residue and fast-growing grey alder. Solid biomass resources are estimated at 1.5 bcm with annual growth of about 30.3 million cubic metres (mcm).

Fast-growing plantations of grey alder account for around 18 mcm, with 1 mcm used as firewood. Solid biomass from waste wood is consumed in 7 heat plants and 3 000 boilers; production capacity of wood and waste wood fuels is estimated at 11.7 mcm annually (2.2 Mtoe), with around 10 mcm utilised at present. According to the National Programme on Local and Renewable Energy Development, energy potential from wood and wood processing waste is approximately 2.2 Mtoe/year; from crop waste 1 Mtoe/year, and from straw 0.7 Mtoe/year.

Biogas potential is also considerable owing to the many professionally operated large-scale animal farms (cattle, pig and poultry) as well as significant waste from households, crops and sewage treatment plants, and municipal and food industry waste. With 7.7 Mt of manure output per year, around 3.5 bcm (2.3 Mtoe) of biogas could be generated. Preliminary government studies of potential energy from wastewater treatment plants indicate that around 9.2 MW of heat is possible from sites across the country, and solid municipal waste energy potential is estimated at 0.3 Mtoe/year. Potential for biofuel production (ethanol and biodiesel) is high because of the country’s large agricultural land area and activity, with most opportunities coming from sugar production, starch and the cellulose industry.

The more information about the Belarus biomass and biogas power market, you may receive with a 1-year subscription for Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Renewable Power Market Outlook 2019 - 2028. Furthermore, you will receive up to 4 quarterly updates.

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